Regency Era Lexicon – And Then There Was “T”
take orders – becoming a clergyman in the Church of England
take silks – a barrister would wear a silk gown once he became the King’s Counsel (or the Queen’s Counsel)
tallow – fat from oxen or sheep, which was used to make soap and candles
tambour – a hoop filled with material; used for embroidery work
tandem – a team of two horses harnessed one behind the other, rather than side by side
tanner – slang for a sixpence
taproom – an inn’s room where ordinary laborers were served (as opposed to a private parlor for the genteel sect)
tea caddy – a box that held tea
teapoy – a 3-legged stand used for serving tea
Tea Room – located in the Bath assembly rooms; one could take tea in the room, but it was also used for concerts
tea service – in contrast to the suppers served at private balls, at assemblies or public balls, teas was served halfway through the evening; gentlemen sat with the ladies with whom they had danced prior to the tea service
Temple – the site for two of the four Inns of Court (the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple); was once occupied by the Knights Templar
Temple Bar – a gate that marked the formal entrance to the City of London; the sovereign had to request permission of the Lord Mayor to enter the city; north of the Temple at the eastern end of the Strand
tenants – prosperous farmers who rent land; not necessarily the poor
tenner – slang for a ten-pound note
Test Act – legislation that forbid Catholics from holding public office, including Parliament; was repealed in 1828
Thirty-nine Articles – the basis of the Church of England; a clergyman “read himself in” to a new parish congregation by reading the articles aloud to the congregation from the pulpit
three-decker novel – a common occurrence in novels of the 18th and 19th Centuries; the novel is divided into three volumes within one book; the volumes were published as separates (only Austen’s Northanger Abbey and Persuasion are two volumes; all other Austen works were 3 volumes)
ticket-of-leave – an early release from jail (similar to parole)
ticket porter – a member of the official group licensed to carry goods, parcels, etc.; a ticket porter carried a badge which identified him as a member of this occupation; like a guild member
ticket to a public ball – anyone who could afford a ticket to a public ball or assembly was admitted; a season of tickets would cost between one pound and ten guineas (depending on the country or in London)
tidewaiter – a customs official for incoming boats/ships
tights – thin, skintight pants worn by gentlemen in the early part of the century; were so tight that men resorted to carrying a purse for their money
tilbury – the cloth covering part of a wagon; A tilbury is a light, open, two-wheeled carriage, with or without a top, developed in the early 19th century by the London firm of Tilbury, coachbuilders in Mount Street. A tilbury rig is little more than a single “tilbury seat”—the firm’s characteristic spindle-backed seat with a curved padded backrest— mounted over a raked luggage boot, and fitted with a dashboard and mounting peg, all on an elaborate suspension system of curved leaf springs above the single axle. The tilbury has large wheels for moving fast over rough roads. A tilbury is fast, light, sporty and dangerous.
Times – the most important newspaper of the day; one could find the entire text of parliamentary debates in the Times
tinderbox – used to start a fire before matches became common; one struck the flint from the box against a piece of metal in hopes that a spark would light the rags inside the box; candles, etc., were lit from the tinderbox
tippet – a fur scarf that hung about the neck and down either side of the chest; many times the tippet was a dead animal (think Fox furs, etc.)
tithes – the amount paid in kind to the local parish clergyman; equal to 1/10 of the farmer’s or tradesman’s annual produce
top – the place in a ballroom or assembly from which the orchestra played; the “top” couple in a line of dance was the one closest to the orchestra; to be at the top of the line was a place of honor, usually afforded to the highest ranking aristocrat in the room
top boots – high boots used for riding
Tory – the conservative party in English politics
training college – a college that trained teachers for the national schools
Transatlantic Trade Triangle – goods were shipped from British ports to the west coast of Africa, where they were exchanged for slaves; the slaves were taken by The Middle Passage to the Americas; slaves were traded for agricultural goods (cotton and sugar) and returned to England
transportation – sending English criminals overseas as punishment; until 1776, the American colonies were the destination; afterwards, the criminal was sent to Australia
traveling post – a hired driver, chaise, and horses for a journey
treacle – a sweet medicine (similar to molasses); Treacle is any uncrystallised syrup made during the refining of sugar. The most common forms of treacle are golden syrup, a pale variety, and a darker variety known as black treacle. Black treacle has a distinctively strong, slightly bitter flavour, and a richer colour than golden syrup, yet not as dark as molasses. Treacle is a common sweetener and condiment in British cookery, found in such dishes as treacle tart and treacle sponge pudding.
truck system – paying one’s employees in goods, food, etc., rather than money
tucker – a piece of lace to cover a woman’s chest in lady’s garments
turbans – a popular ladies’ fashion in the early part of the century; an imitation of a Middle Eastern headdress
turnkey – a jailer
turnpike – a toll road; the average toll was 2-3 pence per mile
twelfth cakes – cakes made for Twelfth Night; those who found the coin or bean inside became the “king” or “queen” of the celebration
Twelfth Night – January 5; the night before the 12th day after Christmas; when Christmastide officially ended; January 6 is the Epiphany
two-dance rule – a couple was expected not to dance more than twice; dancing more often with a partner was a symbol of serious matrimonial interest
two-penny post – London’s local mail delivery system, which was run as a separate entity from the national mail system; similar local mail delivery systems rose up within other large metropolitan areas
Eileen, I remember when I was growing up in the 1950s, the sixpence was often referred to as a tanner. I still love treacle tart.
Treacle, hey? A Harry Potter fan?
Sorry for the name slip, Regina! I had a late night last night and my brain isn’t functioning properly.
No problem. I understand. If that is the worse to happen to me today, I shall be blessed.
Reblogged this on Ace Britain & History News.