Regency Era Lexicon – Next Comes “N” and “O”

Regency Era Lexicon – And Then We Find “N” and “O”

national school – schools set up by the Church of England’s National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church throughout England and Wales; originally founded in 1811; organized to teach children to read the Bible; eventually became the man source of primary education for the England’s lower classes

navy list – a list of the officers in the navy, as well as their positions/ships

navvy – those who worked on the building of the canals in the early 1800s; they were “inland navigators”; performs very hard physical labor

negus – a popular drink at balls and assemblies; made from sugar mixed with water and wine (sherry and port); credited to Colonel Francis Negus

newel post – the post at the bottom of the stairs; a bannister extended upward from it

Prisoner in his cell at Newgate Prison~from Crime Library http://www.crimelibrary. com/serial_killers/weird /todd/newgate_4.html

Prisoner in his cell at Newgate Prison~from Crime Library http://www.crimelibrary.
com/serial_killers/weird
/todd/newgate_4.html

Newgate Prison – the main prison in London; site of public executions; connected to the Old Bailey by a passageway; sadistically, the accused was seated beside his coffin in the prison chapel; people were charged a shilling to view the proceedings

Newgate Calendar – a collection of the biographies of some of Newgate Prison’s most notorious inmates

nob – a person with a great deal of social status

nobility – generally used to refer to the peerage

noblesse oblige – a French phrase that means “nobility obliges”; the obligation of honorable, generous, and responsible behavior associated with high rank or birth

nonconformists – the Protestant sects (Quakers, Unitarians, Baptists, and Methodists) who did not conform to the Church of England’s teachings; nonconformists could not hold office in a borough (until 1828), nor could they receive an Oxford or Cambridge degree

Nore Naval Mutiny (May 1797) – near the Thames Estuary, sailors mutinied over the terrible living conditions on board ship and for the low pay; the mutineers blocked the London port; unfortunately, the mutiny failed as a result of deserters and a lack of food

normal school – one that trained teachers

note of hand – a promissory note

nursery – a room set aside for your children (infants to age 4 or 5)

nursery maid – bathed and dressed the children of wealthy women; they entertained their charges during the day

oakum – the tarred strands that make up ropes; in many prisons, the inmates picked oakum apart; then ships were caulked with the oakum substance

oatcakes – the wealthy in Scotland, Ireland, and northern England ate oatcakes, while the poorest classes settled for ones made from corn, barley, and wheat

Octagon Room – in Bath; a central room with a domed roof and walls painted with scenic designs; served as a meeting room and as a music room

offices – the parts of the house where work was conducted (kitchen, stables, etc.)

"The Old Bailey, Known Also as the Central Criminal Court" Date 1808 SourceAckermann, Rudolph; Pyne, William Henry; Combe, William (1904) [1808] "Old Bailey" in The Microcosm of London: or, London in Miniature, Volume 2, London: Methuen and Company Retrieved on 9 January 2009. Public Domain

“The Old Bailey, Known Also as the Central Criminal Court”
Date 1808
Source Ackermann, Rudolph; Pyne, William Henry; Combe, William (1904) [1808] “Old Bailey” in The Microcosm of London: or, London in Miniature, Volume 2, London: Methuen and Company Retrieved on 9 January 2009. Public Domain

Old Bailey – the site of the main criminal court in London

Old Style – the means to reckon dates before 1752, when the English changed out the Julian calendar and replaced it with the Greorgian calendar; they permanently “lost” eleven days in the process (Thursday, September 14, 1752 followed Wednesday, September 2, 1752, under the new calendar.)

(taking) orders – becoming a clergyman in the Church of England; the church consisted of three orders: deacons, priests, and bishops

ormolu – from the French word for “gold”; a piece of furniture/clock/ornamentation made to look gold through the use of gold leaf or a substance resembling gold

ottoman – (not a footstool) an upholstered bench, generally with no arms or back used as kind of sofa

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About reginajeffers

Regina Jeffers is the award-winning author of Austenesque, Regency and contemporary novels.
This entry was posted in British history, Great Britain, Living in the Regency, Regency era, vocabulary and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Regency Era Lexicon – Next Comes “N” and “O”

  1. Very useful list, Regina. I referenced Newgate Prison in a Regency that I just finished and during re-writes had to investigate the term “Newgate Bird” to make sure it was Regency accurate. Thank goodness it was listed in The 1811 Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (right above Newgate Solicitor – a term for a “petty fogging and roguish attorney”).

    • Thanks for the extra words, Mimi. In my list, I attempted to mention some of the more common words one would find if reading a Regency novel, but I love stumbling across new terms.

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